††††††††††† COUNTY CRIMINAL COURT: CRIMINAL LAW Ė Sentencing Ė Trial court was without jurisdiction to revoke defendantís probation because the time the defendant served on probation plus the time he was given as jail credit exceeded the statutory maximum prior to the time his probation was revoked. Order revoking probation vacated.Pitts v. State, No. CRC 05-45 APANO, (Fla. 6th Cir.App. Ct. Sept. 7, 2007).








††††††††††† Appellant,††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

v.†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Appeal No. CRC 05-45 APANO

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† UCN522005AP000045XXXCR




††††††††††† Appellee.



Opinion filed ________________.


Appeal from an order and sentence

entered by the Pinellas County Court

County Court Judge Paul A. Levine


Brian Pitts, Pro Se


Christie L. Biggs, Esquire

Assistant State Attorney






††††††††††† THIS MATTER is before the Court on the defendant, Brian Pittsí, appeal from an order entered by the Pinellas County Court revoking his probation and sentencing him. After reviewing the briefs and record, this Court reverses the order of revocation and sentence.

††††††††††† The defendant entered a no contest plea to the charges of practicing law without a license. As part of his sentence he was sentenced to 12 months probation. While on probation, the defendant failed to fulfill the terms of his probation by not paying any restitution or costs. The State filed an affidavit of violation, and the defendant ultimately had his probation revoked and was sentenced to 90 days in jail. A lien was entered against the defendant for the amount of the restitution and costs.

††††††††††† The defendant claims that the trial court was without jurisdiction to revoke his probation. At the time the defendant was originally sentenced, he was given credit for 104 days --- the amount of time spent in jail awaiting trial on the charge. He then served almost a year on probation until the State filed an affidavit alleging the defendant violated his probation. The defendant points out that since the maximum sentence for the first degree misdemeanor was one year, his probation expired before the State filed its affidavit. Thus, the trial court was without jurisdiction to revoke his probation. The defendant argues that his probationary term was actually the one year minus the 104 days of credit that he was given. According to the defendantís calculations, his probationary term expired 261 days from the time he started his probation in January. The termination date would be October 11, 2004. That is, the 104 days of credit plus 261 days from the time probation started on January 21.

††††††††††† The State cites several cases that say proceedings to revoke probation must be commenced prior to the expiration date of the probation. See e.g., Minninger v. State, 517 So. 2d 758 (Fla. 2d DCA 1988). It argues that the defendant began to serve his one-year probation on January 21 of 2004, and it filed the affidavit on December 28 of that same year --- within the one year probationary term according to its calculations. The State, however, completely overlooks the defendantís argument and the fact that the defendant was given 104 days of credit at the time of his original sentencing.

††††††††††† Although not cited by either party, the case of Grissinger v. State, 905 So.2d 982 (Fla. 4th DCA 2005) is on point. In Grissinger, the defendant was sentenced to one year of probation for a fist degree misdemeanor. The appellate court ruled that the trial court did not have jurisdiction when it attempted to revoke the defendantís probation and punish him for a violation because the term of probation had expired. The appellate court held that the defendant should have been given credit for the time he spent in jail awaiting the original disposition of the charge, and the probationary term would be reduced by that amount of time. This was necessary the appellate court reasoned so that the defendantís combined time spent in jail and on probation would not exceed the statutory maximum for the crime.

††††††††††† Similarly, in the case at bar, the trial court did not have jurisdiction to revoke the defendantís probation because the probation had expired prior to the time the affidavit was filed. The defendant was given credit for 104 days at the time he was originally sentenced. The one year probationary term should have been reduced by this amount of time. Thus, since the probationary term started in January and lasted for one year minus the 104 days, the probationary term expired in October. The State filed the affidavit of violation in December --- after the probationary term expired. Therefore, the trial court was without jurisdiction to revoke the defendantís probation or sentence him.

††††††††††† Given this Courtís decision on the defendantís first issue raised in this appeal, it is not necessary to address the defendantís remaining issues. The order revoking probation and the sentence are reversed.

††††††††††† IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the order revoking probation and the

sentence are reversed.

††††††††††† DONE AND ORDERED in Clearwater, Florida this _____ day of September, 2007.




††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ______________________________

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††† Linda R. Allan

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †† Circuit Court Judge




††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† _______________________________

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††††† R. Timothy Peters

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††Circuit Court Judge




††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ________________________________

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††John A. Schaefer

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††† Circuit Court Judge


cc:††††††† Brian Pitts


††††††††††† Office of the State Attorney


††††††††††† Honorable Paul A. Levine