County Criminal Court: CRIMINAL LAW Ė Search and Seizure Ė evidence. Odor of marijuana coming from car permitted officer to search car and occupants. Resulting find of weapon on one of occupants was valid. Judgment and sentence affirmed. Sharp v. State, No. CRC 05-40 APANO, (Fla. 6th Cir.App.Ct. Dec. 12, 2005).









††††††††††† Appellant,



v.                                                                                                                                                                   Appeal No. CRC 05-40 APANO

†††† UCN522005AP000040XXXXCR




††††††††††† Appellee.




Opinion filed ___________________.


Appeal from a judgment and sentence

entered by the Pinellas County Court

County Judge Thomas Freeman


Jenna Finkelstein, Esq.

Assistant Public Defender


C. Marie King, Esq.

Assistant State Attorney






††††††††††† THIS MATTER is before the Court on the defendant, Everett Sharpís, appeal from a judgment and sentence entered by the Pinellas County Court. The defendant pleaded no contest to charges of carrying a concealed weapon. He reserved his right to appeal the denial of his motion to suppress. After reviewing the briefs and record, this Court affirms the judgment and sentence.

††††††††††† The police noticed the defendant speeding about 1:00 A.M. and pulled him over. Upon approaching the defendantís vehicle, the deputy smelled the strong odor of marijuana coming from the vehicle. At that point the police searched both the vehicle and the occupants. During the search of the defendant, the deputy noticed a gold pen-shaped object above the defendantís left ear. Knowing from past experience and training that pen-shaped objects have been used to hide weapons or as drug paraphernalia, the deputy seized the object and searched it. Upon inspection of the pen-shaped object, the deputy discovered it concealed a knife blade of approximately two-and-a- half inches. The defendant was arrested and charged with carrying a concealed weapon. He argued in his motion to suppress that the deputy should not have seized and searched the pen-shaped object because the deputy had no valid reason to take what was, by all appearances, just a pen. The trial court denied the motion.

The defendant is appealing the denial of his motion to suppress. The standard of review for the denial of this motion to suppress is de novo. Harris v. State, 761 So.2d 1186 (Fla. 4th DCA 2000).

††††††††††† The defendantís argument is misplaced. The argument presented in the appeal, and the cases cited in support of the argument, address the scope of a protective pat-down search. That is not, however, the type of search that was being conducted in this case. Once the deputy smelled the strong odor of marijuana coming from the vehicle, he then had probable cause to conduct a full search of both the vehicle and the occupants. See State v. Betz, 815 So.2d 627 (Fla. 2002).The search conducted was proper. Therefore, the trial court was correct to deny the defendantís motion to dismiss.[1]

††††††††††† IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that the judgment and sentence are affirmed.

††††††††††† DONE AND ORDERED in Chambers at Clearwater, Pinellas County, Florida


this ____ day of December, 2005.


††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ________________________

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Nancy Moate Ley

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Circuit Judge




††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ___________________________

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† R. Timothy Peters

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Circuit Judge




††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ___________________________

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† John A. Schaefer

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Circuit Judge


cc:††††††† State Attorney


††††††††††† Public Defender


††††††††††† Judge Freeman

[1] Although the defendant complains that the trial court erred in considering certain physical attributes of both the defendant and the weapon, that issue is not relevant to the disposition of this appeal.